Online Program

Part 2: Adolescent Sexual Assault Risk Factors with Known Assailants and Implications for Prevention

Monday, November 2, 2015 : 12:50 p.m. - 1:10 p.m.

Qiana A Johnson, DNP, FNP-C, Family Medical Center, College Park, GA
Patricia M. Speck, DNSc, APN, FNP-BC, DF-IAFN, FAAFS, FAAN, Department of Family, Community, and Health Systems, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing, Birmingham, AL
Julie Clark, MSN, FNP-BC, The Crescent House Child Advocacy Center, Macon, GA
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent victims of sexual assault suffer increased likelihood of rape revictimization and/or physical involvement in abusive relationships as adults, with self destructive behaviors (i.e. alcoholism or drug abuse), and/or mental health issues.

AIMS: This study's purpose was to replicate two previous studies to determine if characteristics of and changes in adolescent sexual assault victims and their offenders over time occurred, and to explore factors leading to planning prevention of adolescent sexual assault by known and interfamilial assailants.

DESIGN/METHODS: The design included a convenience sample from a retrospective chart review June 2012 to June 2013 using descriptive and analytical evaluation. The methods included data extraction from an urban child advocacy center comparable to the data from 2 previous research studies. The inclusion criteria was female and male victims of sexual assault, ages 13 through 17 years old.  Maslow's Heirarcy of Needs and Haddon’s Matrix framework served to organize common variables and guides prevention proposals.

RESULTS: Results similar to the former studies validated little change in offender strategies and victim vulnerability.  From the three studies, the identification of prevention measures focus on satisfying basic Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs, parenting according to Maslow’s hierarchy, adequate adolescent supervision and intervention, and building capacity in community intervention organizations. and educatiional outreach to pertinent community stakeholders involved in the adolescent’s life. Future research includes examination of parenting influences and adolescent choices to minimize risk of sexual assault.

Learning Areas:

Administer health education strategies, interventions and programs
Basic medical science applied in public health
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs
Public health or related nursing
Systems thinking models (conceptual and theoretical models), applications related to public health

Learning Objectives:
Describe and compare child and adolescent sexual assault risk factors and characteristics of known assailants in a large urban southern city Discuss prevention opportunities in policy and practice

Keyword(s): Adolescents, Violence & Injury Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been a Nurse Practitioner at The Crescent House in Macon, Georgia for the past 6 years. The Crescent House is a Child Advocacy Center that services over 20 counties. Of the population I serve, I have completed over 1600 forensic exams of which 25% are teenagers. I am very interested in exploring the causes of teenager sexual assault in hopes of developing strategies to recognize teenagers at risk, educate, and prevent further assaults.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.