5184.0: Wednesday, November 15, 2000: 2:30 PM-4:00 PM

Tropical Disease Epidemiology in the Americas in the 21st Century

The prevalence of tropical diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, leishmania, and Chagas has dramatically increased in recent years. The Americas have been especially hard-hit by increases in tropical and other infectious diseases. Upsurges in yellow fever cases, including several deaths, were reported from the Brazilian amazon area and Bolivia. Dengue and malaria cases have increased in many Caribbean countries, including the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Barbados. Many other diseases such as leptospirosis, may also be on the rise, but due to lack of effective surveillance measures, remain undetected and thus unreported. The United States has encountered increasing problems with tropical diseases due to the fact that increasing numbers of individuals infected with these diseases are entering the U.S. Tropical diseases enter via returning travelers, visiting friends and relatives from tropical disease-endemic areas, and increased immigration from endemic countries. Clearly, there is a need to increase our knowledge of the incidence and prevalence of tropical diseases so as to become better prepared to recognize and treat these specific diseases and prevent transmission to others. This session will present data on the epidemiology of the key tropical diseases impacting the Americas and review strategies to increase surveillance and improve healthcare efforts to control the impact of these diseases. Special emphasis will be placed on addressing the specific problems related to underserved populations in rural or remote regions
See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement.
Learning Objectives: Refer to the individual abstracts for learning objectives
Presider(s):Carol J. Palmer, PhD
Manuel Bayona, MD, PhD
2:30 PMDetection of pulmonary tuberculosis in Chiapas, Mexico
Héctor J. Sánchez-Pérez, MD, Miguel A. Hernán, MD, DrPH, Sonia Hernández-Díaz, Alberto Ascherio, MD, DrPH
2:45 PMMothers' knowledge and practices regarding respiratory infections: An international experience
E B Guevara, DrPH, E Mendias, PhD, RN, S Arias, MD, J C Bossio, MD, Y Benguigui, MD
3:00 PMEpidemiologic secular trends of the Chagas' Disease control program indicators and their relationship with residual insecticide house-spraying in Venezuela 1963 - 1998
Marco P. Marruffo, MD, MS, Dario Gonzalez-Santana, MD, MS, Paul García, MD, MS, Erick L. Suarez-Perez, MS, PhD, Manuel Bayona, MD, PhD
3:15 PMPredictive epidemiologic model of the household vector's infection rate to T. cruzi for the Chagas' Control Program in Venezuela
Manuel Bayona, MD, PhD, Marco P. Marruffo, MD, MS, Dario Gonzalez-Santana, MD, MS, Paul García, MD, MS, Erick L. Suarez-Perez, MS, PhD
3:30 PMEpidemiology of falciparum and vivax malaria in the Amazon region of Guyana, South America
Carol Palmer, PhD, Validum Lloyd, MD, Bernard Loeffke, PhD, Harold Laubach, PhD, Christopher Mitchell, MS, Raul Cuadrado, DrPH
Cosponsors:International Health

The 128th Annual Meeting of APHA