142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition

Annual Meeting Recordings are now available for purchase

Relationship of home environment, maternal and child body size, and food environment in low income women and children

142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15 - November 19, 2014): http://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual
Monday, November 17, 2014 : 3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

Elizabeth Reifsnider, PhD, WHNP, PHCNS-BC, FAAN , College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ
Martina Gallagher, PhD, MSN, RN , School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center Houston-School of Nursing, Houston, TX
Michael Moramarco, MA , College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ
David McCormick, MD , Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, School of Nursing, Galveston, TX
Karen Cullen, Dr.PH, RD , Pediatric Nutrition, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
Lucy Reyna , College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ
Irma Pecina, AA , St. Austin's Center, TX
Maribell Guzman, CHW , St. Austin's Center
Home environments are of critical importance in the development of young children and especially children from minority communities. To determine the impact of a public health nurse based intervention that focuses on nutrition, parenting education, and stimulating home environment, a research study collected data from women and children in a Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).

Mothers and children were recruited through several WIC clinics within the same county. The instruments used to collect data were based on the EMG and reflected the food environment (24 hour diet recall, Household Food Inventory [HFI]), the level of stimulation in the home (HOME Screening Questionnaire [HSQ], hours of TV viewing), the mother’s attitude toward child feeding (Child Feeding Questionnaire) and child and maternal body size.

 There are strong associations between all the macronutrients and many micronutrients. There are positive associations between the home environment, the food available in the home, and the mother’s body size.  The mother’s hours of sleep are also strongly related to the food available in the home and the home environment. There were no significant associations between types of food intake and child BMI, although there are for maternal BMI.

Types of food in the home affect mother and child body size. Mothers who sleep for a longer period of time also provide more stimulating home environments and more food in the home. In addition, the amount of high calorie food in the household is associated with the level of stimulation in the home.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related nursing
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
Describe the relationships between food available in a home and eaten by a child and the child's home environment as well as body size.

Keyword(s): Child Health Promotion, Nutrition

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been the principal investigator (PI) of multiple federally funded grants and the PI of the study from which these research results originated. Among my scientific interests are how we can improve home environments of low income families.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

Back to: 3394.0: Health Impact of Food Access