A new health education program on dietary variety for the community elderly: Implementation by health promotion volunteers
Methods: According to the elementary school districts, divisions A and B were chosen as the intervention and control groups, respectively. Subjects were the entire community-dwelling elderly population, excluding those who required long-term care. In July 2014, dietary variety was surveyed among 1685 elderly persons from both divisions (A: n = 630, B: n = 1055) by using the dietary variety score (DVS). Invitations to participate in the health education program were sent to subjects with a DVS of 0–3 (A: n = 219, B: n = 359), and 16 subjects from district A and 29 from district B accepted. The health education program was conducted four times in 2-hour sessions, with the HPVs initiating the preparation and implementation.
Results: Subjects who attended more than three sessions were included in the analysis. The intervention group showed significant improvement in terms of DVS compared with the control group (p = 0.002). The number of subjects who felt that they had better control of their dietary habits (p = 0.036) and participation in planning a balanced diet (p = 0.026) increased.
Conclusion: Our program contributed to the improved dietary variety. More studies with larger study samples are needed to increase the generalizability of our results.
Learning Areas:Public health or related nursing
Explain an effective health education program to elderly who consume a higher dietary variety.
Keyword(s): Aging, Behavioral Research
Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been subsidized by scientific research fund. However, I have no conflict of interest to disclose with respect to this abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No
I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.