Online Program

A new health education program on dietary variety for the community elderly: Implementation by health promotion volunteers

Wednesday, November 4, 2015 : 8:30 a.m. - 8:50 a.m.

Atsuko Taguchi, PhD, RN, PHN, Department of Public Health Nursing, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Hiroshi Murayama, PhD, RN, PHN, Research Team for Social Participation and Community Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo, Japan
Chikako Miyao, Department of health promotion, Hikone city government office, Hikone city, Shiga prefecture, Japan
Takuhiro Yamaguchi, PhD, Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
Objective: Higher dietary variety can reduce the risk of mortality and progressive functional decline. We aimed to develop a health education program on dietary variety that health promotion volunteers (HPVs) could implement among the community elderly.

Methods: According to the elementary school districts, divisions A and B were chosen as the intervention and control groups, respectively. Subjects were the entire community-dwelling elderly population, excluding those who required long-term care. In July 2014, dietary variety was surveyed among 1685 elderly persons from both divisions (A: n = 630, B: n = 1055) by using the dietary variety score (DVS). Invitations to participate in the health education program were sent to subjects with a DVS of 0–3 (A: n = 219, B: n = 359), and 16 subjects from district A and 29 from district B accepted. The health education program was conducted four times in 2-hour sessions, with the HPVs initiating the preparation and implementation.

Results: Subjects who attended more than three sessions were included in the analysis. The intervention group showed significant improvement in terms of DVS compared with the control group (p = 0.002). The number of subjects who felt that they had better control of their dietary habits (p = 0.036) and participation in planning a balanced diet (p = 0.026) increased.

Conclusion: Our program contributed to the improved dietary variety. More studies with larger study samples are needed to increase the generalizability of our results.

Learning Areas:

Public health or related nursing

Learning Objectives:
Explain an effective health education program to elderly who consume a higher dietary variety.

Keyword(s): Aging, Behavioral Research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been subsidized by scientific research fund. However, I have no conflict of interest to disclose with respect to this abstract.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.