153139 Environmental Nutrition and Activity Local Policy Database: A tool for addressing disparities in food and activity environments

Monday, November 5, 2007: 11:30 AM

Leslie Mikkelsen, MPH, RD , Prevention Institute, Oakland, CA
Manal Aboelata, MS , Prevention Institute, Los Angeles, CA
Linda M. Shak, MSW , Prevention Institute, Oakland, CA
Carol Chao, BA , Prevention Institute, Oakland, CA
Local policies, from zoning to joint use agreements, shape the food and activity environments that local residents encounter on a daily basis. Even with strong motivation, residents may find it difficult to eat nutritious foods if their neighborhood lacks a supermarket that carries fresh produce. Additionally, they may find it hard to avoid eating unhealthy foods if their neighborhood is teeming with fast-food restaurants and advertising that promotes unhealthy products. Likewise, unsafe conditions and poor infrastructure for walking and biking hamper intentions to get active. Disproportionate numbers of Latinos, African-Americans, and Native Americans live in poverty. Low-income communities are most likely to lack the institutions, infrastructure and services essential for healthy living. Further, rates of chronic illnesses like type II diabetes, hypertension and heart disease are disproportionately high among people of color.

This presentation will highlight Prevention Institute's ENACT Local Policy Database, an on-line searchable tool designed to support the work of health professionals, policymakers, and other advocates. This presentation will highlight the most promising policies that have emerged in communities across the nation to reverse environmental barriers to proper nutrition and activity. The presentation will demonstrate the breadth of nutrition and activity policy options and how advocates can use the database to identify policies to implement in their own communities.

Policy examples such as land-use ordinances, complete streets, business incentives, finance measures can be used by communities to make healthy eating and activity a realistic option for all community residents, especially in neighborhoods experiencing severe health inequities.

Learning Objectives:
Identify 3-5 community factors that contribute to disparities in unhealthy eating and physical inactivity List 3-5 concrete examples of local policies that help to reduce neighborhood disparities and improve eating and activity environments Be equipped to access Prevention Institute’s ENACT Local Policy Database to search for more examples

Keywords: Policy/Policy Development, Chronic Diseases

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Any relevant financial relationships? No
Any institutionally-contracted trials related to this submission?

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.